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Navkarshi Tapp (Eat 48 minutes after sunrise)

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Navkarshi means to eat and drink 48 mins after sunrise. Paryushan, the Jain festival is the most auspicious time to abstain from food and water or practice any kind of fasting. One should practice the fast of Navkarshi on a daily basis and during Paryushan Mahaparva one must make an effort to uplift his soul by practicing various austerities such as porsi (eat and drink approximately 3 hours after sunrise), 2 porsi (eat and drink approximately 6 hours after sunrise), upvaas (complete abstinence from food and water throughout the day), ekasana (eating only one time a day) or upvaas on all 8 days of Paryushan.


Every individual should practice as per their own capacity. If the above austerities seem difficult to practice due to health constraints, then one can observe Chauvihar, that is refraining from consuming food and sometimes water for a few hours in between meals during the day time.

Observing small fasts and vows, is also greatly instrumental in karma nirjara (shedding of karma). Performing any kind of Tapp is the jewel of Paryushan.



Paryushan Parv – the 8-day Jain Festival of Forgiveness is an occasion to eliminate the impurities that pollute the soul – such as anger, ego, greed, jealousy, deceit, attachment, hatred and much more. It is a period of emotional cleansing and becoming light and relaxed from within.


From a karmic perspective, it is said that during these 8 days, the magnetic frequencies in the entire universe are the highest. As a result, the soul vibrates the most and may even bind the karmas that determine his next birth. And therefore, Jains observe maximum sadhanas, spiritual practices, penance and fasting during these days to make the most of this auspicious period.


Param Gurudev Shree Namramuni Maharaj Saheb profoundly enlists a detailed list of Do’s and Don’ts of what should be done and what we should refrain from doing during these divine days of Paryushan. During these Paryushan days, Jains make an effort to realize, repent and seek forgiveness for mistakes made during the entire year by performing Pratikraman, Alochana fasting, taking small Pachkhan vows, etc. The last day of Paryushan, known as Samvatsari, is the day when everyone performs the annual practice of Samvatsari Pratikraman and says sorry or ‘Michhami Dukadam’ to every living of the universe for having hurt them knowingly or unknowingly through their mind, body and speech.

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